How dogs get rabies
Dogs can get rabies by being bitten or scratched by an infected animal, most commonly a wild animal such as a raccoon, skunk, bat, or fox. So the Rabies virus is present in the saliva of an infected animal and is transmitted through breaks in the skin or mucous membranes.
Rabies can also be transmitted if an infected animal’s saliva comes into contact with a person or animal’s eyes, nose, or mouth once a dog has been infected with rabies, the virus spreads to the nervous system and can cause severe neurological symptoms and ultimately death.
what is Rabies:
Rabies is considered as viral disease which affects the nervous system of mammals, including humans. it is caused by the rabies virus, it is a member of the lyssavirus family. The virus is typically transmitted through the bite or scratch of an infected animal it can also be transmitted through contact with the saliva or neural tissue of an infected animal Once, the virus enters the body it travels to the brain and spinal cord where it causes inflammation and can lead to severe neurological symptoms such, as muscle weakness, seizures, and behavioral changes.
Rabies is almost always fatal once symptoms appear, and it is a major public health concern in many parts of the world.
How to treat Rabies
The most effective way to treat rabies is to prevent it through the vaccination of both humans and animals. Vaccination of dogs, cats, is the only effective answer which can prevent them from getting the disease and also humans will be safe from its transmission.
Post-Exposure Prophylaxis (PEP):
For people who have been exposed to rabies, post-exposure prophylaxis (PEP) is essential to prevent the disease from developing. PEP consists of a series of vaccinations and, in some cases, administration of rabies immune globulin.
After Exposure to Rabies, the treatment must start as soon as possible after exposure, ideally within 24 to 48 hours. If a person is showing symptoms of rabies, it is usually too late for treatment. ifthis case, the conciquences of the disease is always fatal.
Conclusion of treatment
the key to treating rabies is to prevent it through vaccination and prompt post-exposure prophylaxis (PEP) in case of exposure. Once symptoms have appeared, the disease is almost always fatal.
How dogs behave after Rabies
Dogs that have been infected with rabies typically show symptoms within a few days to a few months after exposure. The symptoms of rabies in dogs can be divided into two stages: the prodromal stage and the furious stage.
During the prodromal stage
During the prodromal stage, dogs may appear anxious, nervous, or aggressive. They may also be excessively affectionate or show no change in behavior at all. They may also have a slight fever and may seem weak or drowsy.
During the furious stage
stage During the furious, dogs may become aggressive and may bite or snap at anything that moves. They may also experience seizures, muscle spasms, and paralysis. They may also have difficulty swallowing and may drool excessively or have difficulty swallowing
It’s worth noting that not all dogs will show the same symptoms, and some may not show any symptoms at all However, once symptoms appear, rabies is almost always fatal.
That’s why it’s important to take precautionary measures such as vaccination and post-exposure prophylaxis as soon as possible after exposure to a potentially infected animal.
Preventive Measures for Rabies
There are several measures one can take to prevent rabies, both in animals and humans:
Regular vaccination of dogs, cats, and other domestic animals is the most effective way to prevent rabies. Vaccination not only protects the animal but also helps prevent the spread of the virus to humans.
Avoid contact with wild animals:
Wild animals, such as raccoons, skunks, bats, and foxes, are the most common carriers of rabies. People should avoid contact with wild animals, especially if they appear sick or aggressive.
Report animal bites:
Any animal bite or scratch should be reported to the authorities immediately. The animal that caused the bite or scratch should be captured, if possible, and observed for signs of rabies.
Post-exposure prophylaxis (PEP):
If a person is bitten or scratched by an animal that may have rabies, post-exposure prophylaxis (PEP) should be started as soon as possible. This includes a series of vaccinations and, in some cases, administration of rabies immune globulin.
Control stray animals:
Stray animals can spread rabies, so controlling the population of stray animals it is an important measure to prevent the spread of the disease.
By educating people about the signs and symptoms of rabies, how to prevent it, and what to do if an animal beat or scratch them, they can help themselves to prevent the spread of the disease.
To prevent the spread of rabies among wildlife So, wildlife management agencies may implement control programs such as, trapping and vaccinating wild
It’s important to remember that rabies is a serious and fatal disease and if anyone gets infected prompt action is required to prevent it.